Groin strain is a common form of sports injury, often seen in footballers as a result of a sideways tackle or kicking the ball awkwardly. It is an injury to the muscles of the inner thigh, which are known as adductor muscles. These muscles help to pull the leg towards the midline of the body. They can become injured when they are stretched too far and then they can tear.
To try and prevent groin strain, athletes should pay special attention to the adductor muscles during warm up and perform core-strengthening exercises.
Groin strain is classified by severity into first, second, or third degree injury. Symptoms range from mild discomfort for a grade one strain, moderate discomfort, disability and bruising for a grade two strain, and muscle spasm, significant bruising and disability for a grade three strain. The term "strain" refers to a tear.
Following a groin strain injury, the adductor muscles are greatly reduced in power and impede walking. To aid the healing process, rest is important. Only small steps should be taken, and twisting the body should be avoided to prevent putting extra strain on the torn muscle fibres. When the muscles are fully healed, normal exercise can be resumed.
In addition to rest, techniques to improve circulation and reduce the amount of adhesions between the fibres of the muscle can be effective. Once the leg is comfortable,
Connective Tissue Manipulation and gentle exercise can be used to speed up the recovery process.